Objective We attempted to evaluate fetal cardiac activity of congenital heart disease (CHD) and normal heart fetuses by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods We evaluated the fetal cardiac functional assessment and the blood flow of descending aorta at 34 weeks' gestation or more by MRI and compared the results with ultrasonography findings. We measured 6 normal heart fetuses and 14 CHD fetuses. Results The ejection fraction (EF) and descending aorta blood flow in the CHD group were 76.4% ± 11.9%, 687.5 ± 303.8 mL/min by ultrasonography and 48.3% ± 7.1%, 711.4 ± 273.1 mL/min by MRI; those in the normal group were 66.9% ± 12.2%, 898.1 ± 245.9 mL/min by ultrasonography and 51.3% ± 4.2%, 911.9 ± 223.1 mL/min by MRI. Conclusions There was no significant difference in descending aorta blood flow measurements between ultrasonography and MRI, but the EF showed a significant between-group difference. In the normal group, the variation of EF and blood flow measured by MRI was significantly smaller compared with those of ultrasonography.
- congenital heart disease
- fetal cardiac functional assessment
- fetal diagnosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging