Ferroptosis is controlled by the coordinated transcriptional regulation of glutathione and labile iron metabolism by the transcription factor BACH1

Hironari Nishizawa, Mitsuyo Matsumoto, Tomohiko Shindo, Daisuke Saigusa, Hiroki Kato, Katsushi Suzuki, Masaki Sato, Yusho Ishii, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Kazuhiko Igarashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent programmed cell death event, whose regulation and physiological significance remain to be elucidated. Analyzing transcriptional responses of mouse embryonic fibroblasts exposed to the ferroptosis inducer erastin, here we found that a set of genes related to oxidative stress protection is induced upon ferroptosis. We considered that up-regulation of these genes attenuates ferroptosis induction and found that the transcription factor BTB domain and CNC homolog 1 (BACH1), a regulator in heme and iron metabolism, promotes ferroptosis by repressing the transcription of a subset of the erastin-induced protective genes. We noted that these genes are involved in the synthesis of GSH or metabolism of intracellular labile iron and include glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier subunit (Gclm), solute carrier family 7 member 11 (Slc7a11), ferritin heavy chain 1 (Fth1), ferritin lightchain1(Ftl1),and solute carrier family 40 member 1(Slc40a1). Ferroptosis has also been previously shown to induce cardiomyopathy, and here we observed that Bach1-/- mice are more resistant to myocardial infarction than WT mice and that the severity of ischemic injury is decreased by the iron-chelator deferasirox, which suppressed ferroptosis. Our findings suggest that BACH1 represses genes that combat labile iron-induced oxidative stress, and ferroptosis is stimulated at the transcriptional level by BACH1 upon disruption of the balance between the transcriptional induction of protective genes and accumulation of iron-mediated damage. We propose that BACH1 controls the threshold of ferroptosis induction and may represent a therapeutic target for alleviating ferroptosisrelated diseases, including myocardial infarction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-82
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume295
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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