Ferromagnetic Exchange Coupling in a Family of MnIII Salen-Type Schiff-Base Out-of-Plane Dimers

Chihiro Kachi-Terajima, Rikako Ishii, Yoshiaki Tojo, Masato Fukuda, Yasutaka Kitagawa, Mizuki Asaoka, Hitoshi Miyasaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


A series of MnIII saltmen dimers, [Mn2(5-Rsaltmen)2(X)2](A)2n (saltmen2- = N,N′-(1,1,2,2-tetramethylethylene)bis(salicylideneiminate); R = H, Cl, Br, MeO, Me; X = H2O, ReO4-, NO3-, N3-, NCS-, A- = ClO4-, PF6-, CF3SO3- for X = H2O) were synthesized and structurally and magnetically investigated to understand the correlation between their intradimer ferromagnetic (FM) interaction and single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior. All complexes had a similar di-μ-phenolate-bridged out-of-plane dimer structure but displayed different bridging Mn-Oph∗ distances depending on the R substituents of the saltmen ligand and axial X ligand. Magnetic susceptibility studies revealed intradimer FM coupling (JMn-Mn∗), resulting in an ST = 4 ground state for all dimers. However, the magnitude of FM coupling strongly depended on R and X. JMn-Mn∗ increased with decreasing Mn-Oph∗ distance but decreased with decreasing Mn-X distance with a relation of H2O ≈ ReO4- > NO3- > N3- ≈ NCS- with a linear trend for R = H, Cl, Me but not for R = Br, MeO. Theoretical investigations revealed that a larger orbital overlap stabilized a FM spin configuration through competition between the orbital degeneracy and on-site Coulomb repulsion of out-of-phase and in-phase orbitals. Most dimers showed typical SMM behavior. The dimers with larger JMn-Mn∗ tended to have higher blocking temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12454-12468
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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