Neutron diffraction measurements under high magnetic fields in multiferroic HoMn2O5 have revealed a clear relationship between microscopic magnetism and field-induced ferroelectricity. The applied magnetic field induces a first-order phase transition from an incommensurate magnetic order to a commensurate magnetic order, where a spontaneous electric polarization occurs. The one-to-one correspondence between the magnetic phase diagram and the dielectric phase diagram under magnetic field clearly indicates that the electric polarization is magnetically induced and the commensurate magnetic structure is indispensable to the ferroelectricity in the multiferroic RMn2O5 system.
- Colossal magnetoelectric effect
- Incommensurate-commensurate magnetic phase transition
- Neutron diffraction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)