Femtosecond Charge Density Modulations in Photoexcited CuWO4

Yohei Uemura, Ahmed S.M. Ismail, Sang Han Park, Soonnam Kwon, Minseok Kim, Yasuhiro Niwa, Hiroki Wadati, Hebatalla Elnaggar, Federica Frati, Ties Haarman, Niko Höppel, Nils Huse, Yasuyuki Hirata, Yujun Zhang, Kohei Yamagami, Susumu Yamamoto, Iwao Matsuda, Tetsuo Katayama, Tadashi Togashi, Shigeki OwadaMakina Yabashi, Uufuk Halisdemir, Gertjan Koster, Toshihiko Yokoyama, Bert M. Weckhuysen, Frank M.F. De Groot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Copper tungstate (CuWO4) is an important semiconductor with a sophisticated and debatable electronic structure that has a direct impact on its chemistry. Using the PAL-XFEL source, we study the electronic dynamics of photoexcited CuWO4. The Cu L3 X-ray absorption spectrum shifts to lower energy upon photoexcitation, which implies that the photoexcitation process from the oxygen valence band to the tungsten conduction band effectively increases the charge density on the Cu atoms. The decay time of this spectral change is 400 fs indicating that the increased charge density exists only for a very short time and relaxes electronically. The initial increased charge density gives rise to a structural change on a time scale longer than 200 ps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7329-7336
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 8
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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