Female-biased sex allocation in relation to growth rate of fruit in Erythronium japonicum

Satoki Sakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Using four populations of the liliaceous perennial Erythronium japonicum, I examined the hypothesis that sex allocation will be female-biased if the duration of sink-limited growth of fruits, during which fruits grow exponentially, is long. I found that all marked fruits in each population had a period of sink-limited growth. Among the four populations, the mean length of sink-limited growth increased, and the mean dry mass ratio of the sum of the corolla and androecium/fruit decreased, in a consistent order. Thus, plants in populations where the duration of sink-limited growth was long allocated relatively more of their resources to their female functions. This result was consistent with the above hypothesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-395
Number of pages5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec 1


  • Erythronium japonicum
  • Female-biased sex allocation
  • Hermaphroditic plants
  • Sink-limited fruit growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics


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