Feasibility of a nylon-mesh holder for vitrification of bovine germinal vesicle oocytes in subsequent production of viable blastocysts

Yasuyuki Abe, Kenshiro Hara, Hiromichi Matsumoto, Jin Kobayashi, Hiroshi Sasada, Hans Ekwall, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez, Eimei Sato

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62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To improve the feasibility of nylon-mesh holder for vitrification of bovine cumulus-oocytes complexes (GV-COCs) having germinal vesicle, this study was conducted to demonstrate effects of sugars and protocol of exposure in vitrification on subsequent in vitro maturation, ultrastructural changes, and in vitro development in bovine immature oocytes after cryopreservation using nylon mesh. Before vitrification, GV-COCs were exposed to the cryoproteciant, which was composed of 40% (v/v) ethylene glycol, 18% (w/v) Ficoll-70, and 0.3 M sucrose (EFS40) or 0.3 M trehalose (EFT40), either by single step or in a stepwise way. The maturation rates in the stepwise exposure with EFS40 or EFT40 were significantly higher (P < 0.05) compared with the corresponding rates in the single step. In the stepwise exposure, few abnormalities were observed compared with the single-step exposure, where most oocytes showed a highly vacuolated cytoplasm with many ruptured mitochondria. Cleavage rates in fertilized oocytes previously exposed stepwise to EFS40 or EFT40 were significantly higher than those exposed by the single-step procedure. The cleaved embryos derived from the stepwise exposure to EFS40 developed to blastocysts. After transfer of blastocysts derived from vitrified GV oocytes, a female calf was born. These results indicate that vitrification of large numbers of bovine GV-COCs using a nylon-mesh holder accompanied with stepwise exposure minimizes structural damage in organelles, resulting in yield of viable blastocysts following in vitro embryo production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1416-1420
Number of pages5
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Assisted reproductive technology
  • Bovine
  • Embryo
  • GV oocytes
  • Gamete biology
  • Nylon mesh
  • Oocyte development
  • Ovum
  • Vitrification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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