Fear of falling and cognitive impairments in elderly people with hip fractures

Mari Kasai, Kenichi Meguro, Hiroshi Ozawa, Keiichi Kumai, Hideki Imaizumi, Hanae Minegishi, Hideki Oi, Akira Oizumi, Masahiro Yamashiro, Michimasa Matsuda, Masahiko Tanaka, Eiji Itoi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the estimated prevalence of dementia and the relationship between cognitive impairment and fear of falling in patients with hip fractures. Methods: Analysis 1 included 100 patients with hip fractures. Analysis 2 included a subgroup of subjects with ≥75 years of functional independence: 46 patients with hip fractures and 46 control subjects without hip fractures, and presence or absence of dementia. We used an informant-rated questionnaire including the AD8 for screening for dementia, the Barthel Index for assessing activities of daily living, and the Short Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) for assessing fear of falling. Results: The estimated prevalence of dementia was 66% in patients with hip fractures. There were significant fracture and dementia effects, with significant covariate effects of age and gender on the Short FES-I scores. Conclusion: Our results suggested that more than two-thirds of patients with hip fractures had dementia. Fear of falling may reflect not only physical functions but also cognitive impairments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-394
Number of pages9
JournalDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 28

Keywords

  • Cognitive impairments
  • Dementia
  • Fear of falling
  • Hip fractures
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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