The Fc receptor common γ-chain (FcRγ) is a widely expressed adaptor bearing an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) that transduces activation signals from various immunoreceptors. We show here that basophils lacking FcRγ developed normally and proliferated efficiently in response to interleukin 3 (IL-3) but were very impaired in IL-3-induced production of IL-4 and in supporting T helper type 2 differentiation. Through its transmembrane portion, FcRγ associated constitutively with the common β-chain of the IL-3 receptor and signaled by recruiting the kinase Syk. Retrovirus-mediated complementation demonstrated the essential function of the ITAM of FcRγ in IL-3 signal transduction. Our results identify a previously unknown mechanism whereby FcRγ functions to 'route' selective cytokine-triggered signals into the ITAM-mediated IL-4 production pathway.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy