Favorable modulation of osteoblast cellular activity on Zr-modified Co–Cr–Mo alloy: The significant impact of zirconium on cell–substrate interactions

Na Gong, Ivan Montes, Krishna C. Nune, R. Devesh Kumar Misra, Kenta Yamanaka, Manami Mori, Akihiko Chiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloys exhibit good mechanical properties (yield strength: ~530 MPa, ultimate tensile strength: ~1114 MPa, elongation-to-failure: ~47.3%, and modulus: ~227 GPa) and corrosion resistance. In recent years, from the perspective of osseointegration, they are considered to be lower in rank in comparison to the widely used titanium alloys. We elucidate here the significant and favorable modulation of cellular activity of Zr-modified Co–Cr–Mo alloys. The average grain size of Co–Cr–Mo alloy samples with and without Zr was 104 ± 27 and ~53 ± 11 μm, respectively. The determining role of small addition of Zr (0.04 wt. %) to the Co–Cr–Mo alloys in favorable modulation of cellular activity was accomplished by combining cellular biology and materials science and engineering. Experiments on the influence of Zr addition to Co–Cr–Mo alloys clearly demonstrated that the cell adhesion, spread and cell–substrate interactions were enhanced in the presence of Zr. The spread/growth rate of cells was ~120% on the Co–Cr–Mo alloy and 190% per day on the Co–Cr–Mo–Zr alloy. While the % area covered by the cells increased from ~5.1 to ~33.6% on Co–Cr–Mo alloy and ~19.2 to ~47.8% on Co–Cr–Mo–Zr alloy after 2 and 24 hr of incubation. Similarly, the cell density increased from ~1354 to ~3424 cells/cm2 on Co–Cr–Mo alloy and ~3583 to ~7804 cells/cm2 on Co–Cr–Mo–Zr alloy after 2 and 24 hr of incubation. Additionally, stronger vinculin focal adhesion contact and signals associated with actin stress fibers together with extracellular matrix protein, fibronectin, were noted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1518-1526
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Volume108
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1

Keywords

  • adhesion
  • cell proliferation
  • cell–material interactions
  • cobalt–chromium (alloys)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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