Favorable Effect of Cytomegalovirus Reactivation on Outcomes in Cord Blood Transplant and Its Differences Among Disease Risk or Type

on behalf of the Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Transplantation-Related Complication Working Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation on cord blood transplant (CBT) are unclear. We assessed the effect of CMV reactivation in adult single-unit CBT without in vivo T cell depletion. Of 3147 eligible cases, 2052 were acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 643 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and 452 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). CMV reactivation up to 100 days after CBT was associated with better overall survival (OS) compared with no reactivation cases (57.3% versus 52.6% at 3 years after CBT), whereas nonrelapse mortality (NRM) was increased in ALL (16.2% versus 8.9%) and standard disease risk (17.1% versus 10.6%, P = .014) by CMV reactivation. On multivariate analysis, CMV reactivation had favorable effects on relapse in MDS (hazard ratio [HR], .55; P = .044) and high disease risk (HR, .77; P = .047). In NRM, only standard-risk cases showed adverse effects of CMV reactivation (HR, 1.56; P = .026). OS was significantly improved with CMV reactivation in a subgroup of patients with AML (HR, .84; P = .044), MDS (HR, .68; P = .048), and high disease risk (HR, .81; P = .013). This favorable effect of CMV reactivation on OS in AML and high disease risk cases was maintained even after considering the effect of grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease. Thus, CMV reactivation might have beneficial or adverse effects on relapse, NRM, and OS, depending on the disease type or disease risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1363-1370
Number of pages8
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul

Keywords

  • Cord blood transplantation
  • Cytomegalovirus reactivation
  • Nonrelapse mortality
  • Relapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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