Fatty acid signal, neurogenesis, and psychiatric disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The brain is an organ that is extremely rich in lipid and fatty acid binding proteins, and among fatty molecules, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), especially docosahexanoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA), are the major components. However, the precise role of PUFAs and their signals for brain formation and maintenance and mental functions remain largely unknown. Neurogenesis is one of the key events in brain development and maintenance. An intriguing association of decreased hippocampal neurogenesis and deficits in prepulse inhibition (PPI), one of the compelling endophenotypes of mental disorders including schizophrenia, has been reported in several animal models. Currently, we are proposing a "neurogenesis theory" that connects the integrity of neurogenesis and PPI based on animal models and exploring the possibility that even postnatal manipulation of neurogenesis could affect PPI. In parallel, we have tested the potential of dietary PUFAs, ARA and/or DHA, to promote neurogenesis and concomitantly improve PPI, given that PUFAs are ligands for Fabp members and they are abundantly expressed in neural stem/progenitor cells in the hippocampus. Our results suggest a potential benefit of PUFA in ameliorating the PPI relevant to psychiatric disorders through an augmented postnatal neurogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume30
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun

Keywords

  • Fatty acid binding protein
  • Neural stem cells
  • Neurogenesis
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acid
  • Prepulse inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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