Oligodendrocytes, the myelinating cells in the central nervous system (CNS), are critical for producing myelin throughout the CNS. The loss of oligodendrocytes is associated with multiple neurodegenerative disorders mediated by psychosine. However, the involvement of psychosine in the critical biochemical pathogenetic mechanism of the loss of oligodendrocytes and myelin in krabbe disease (KD) remains unclear. Here, we addressed how oligodendrocytes are induced by psychosine treatment in both KG-1C human oligodendroglial cells and mouse oligodendrocyte precursor cells. We found that fatty acid binding protein 5 (FABP5) expressed in oligodendrocytes accelerates mitochondria-induced glial death by inducing mitochondrial macropore formation through voltage-dependent anion channels (VDAC-1) and BAX. These two proteins mediate mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization, thereby leading to the release of mitochondrial DNA and cytochrome C into the cytosol, and the activation of apoptotic caspases. Furthermore, we confirmed that the inhibition of FABP5 functions by shRNA and FABP5-specific ligands blocking mitochondrial macropore formation, thereby rescuing psychosine-induced oligodendrocyte death. Taken together, we identified FABP5 as a critical factor in mitochondrial injury associated with psychosine-induced apoptosis in oligodendrocytes.
- Mitochondrial pore
- Psychosine toxicity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)