Fatigue of cold-work tool steels: Effect of heat treatment and carbide morphology on fatigue crack formation, life, and fracture surface observations

Kenzo Fukaura, Yoshihiko Yokoyama, Daien Yokoi, Nobuhiro Tsujii, Kanji Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fatigue properties of two types of cold-work tool steels tempered at various temperatures were evaluated. The microstructure and fracture surface morphology were correlated to the fatigue behavior. Cold-work tool steels using this study were a conventional tool steel (JIS SKD111; 1.4C-11Cr-0.8Mo-0.2V) and its modified steel (M-SKD11; 0.8C-8Cr-2Mo-0.5V). The fatigue strength of the M-SKD11 steel increased 20 pct over that of the SKD11 steel for any number of cycles. This is attributed to the refinement of primary M7C3 carbides. These M7C3 carbides fractured during fatigue and were found at the sites of fatigue crack initiation. Change in crack initiation behavior was confirmed by acoustic emission testing. The S-N curves of the steels are similar to those of most structural steels. However, the subsurface fatigue crack initiation was dominant at lower alternating stresses. This study points to a general approach of carbide refinement that can be used for the enhancement of fatigue properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1289-1300
Number of pages12
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Volume35 A
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Apr
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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