Fatigue-damage evolution and damage-induced reduction of critical current of a Nb3Al superconducting composite

S. Ochiai, F. Sekino, T. Sawada, H. Ohno, M. Hojo, M. Tanaka, H. Okuda, M. Koeaneya, K. Hayashi, Y. Yamada, N. Ayai, K. Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

We have studied the fatigue-damage mechanism of a Nb3Al superconducting composite at room temperature, and the influences of the fatigue damages introduced at room temperature on the critical current at 4.2 K and the residual strength at room temperature. The main (largest) fatigue crack arose first in the clad copper and then extended into the inner core with an increasing number of stress cycles. The cracking of the Nb3Al filaments in the core region occurred at a late stage (around 60-90% of die fatigue life). Once the fracture of the core occurred, it extended very quickly, resulting in a quick reduction in critical current and the residual strength with increasing stress cycles. Such a behaviour was accounted for by the crack growth calculated from the S-N curves (the relation of the maximum stress to the number of stress cycles at failure) combined with the Paris law. The size and distribution of the subcracks along the specimen length, and therefore the reduction in critical current of the region apart from the main crack, were dependent on the maximum stress level. The large subcracks causing fracture of the Nb3Al filaments were formed when the maximum stress was around 300-460 MPa, resulting in large reduction in critical current, but not when the maximum stress was outside such a stress range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1076
Number of pages6
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Sep 1
EventMEMO 3: Second International Workshop on Mechano-Electromagetic Properties of Composite Superconductors - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 2003 Mar 32003 Mar 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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