Fatigue characteristics of a biomedical β-type titanium alloy with titanium boride

Xiu Song, Lei Wang, Mitsuo Niinomi, Masaaki Nakai, Yang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


A β-type Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr (TNTZ) alloy containing various amounts of TiB reinforcements has been developed to achieve higher fatigue strength for biomedical applications. Fatigue tests were performed at room temperature, and the effects of TiB on fatigue crack initiation and propagation were investigated. The results indicate that the fatigue limit of the TNTZ alloy was substantially improved by the TiB reinforcements. However, the fatigue strength first increased and subsequently decreased as the B concentration increased. TNTZ alloy with 0.10% B has the largest fatigue limit, which is 67% greater than that of the TNTZ alloy. The effects of TiB on the improvement of the fatigue properties are due to the following two factors. First, sliding of the dislocations can be blocked by TiB particles, which results in resistance to fatigue crack initiation. In addition, the crack deflection and crack bridging by the TiB particles could delay the crack propagation. Conversely, debonding of some larger TiB particles may occur, especially when the B concentration is higher than 0.20%. Therefore, the crack initiates from the debonding of the TiB particles and easily propagates along the voids from the interfacial decohesion, which could exert a deleterious influence on the fatigue strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-164
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 9


  • Biomaterial
  • Fatigue strength
  • Titanium boride
  • β-type titanium alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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