Fatigue behaviour at room temperature and its influence on superconducting properties at 4.2 K of multifilamentary Nb3Al composite wire

Shojiro Ochiai, Tekahiro Sawada, Fumiaki Sekino, Masaki Hojo, Yuchi Yamada, Ken Ichi Takahashi, Naoki Ayai, Kazuo Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fatigue behaviour at room temperature and its influence on superconducting current and upper critical magnetic field at 4.2 k were studied using Nb3Al multifilamentary composite wire with a copper ratio of 1.55 and an overall diameter of 0.812 mm in which 241 Nb3Al filaments are embedded. The Nb3Al filament itself was not fractured by the fatigue when tested separately. In the composite, the fatigue cracks nucleated in the copper, which grew and caused the fracture of the Nb3Al filaments. When the maximum stress in the fatigue test was low, one crack among many grew preferentially; when the maximum stress was intermediate, many cracks could grow at different cross-sections before the overall fracture of the composite; when the maximum stress was high, the composite was fractured before large fatigue crack growth. Because of such a maximum stress dependence of the growth of the fatigue damage, the critical current measured using the segments of the fatigue-fractured specimens for the intermediate maximum stress range was lower than that for the low and high maximum stress ranges. The mode I fracture toughness of the present composite wire, estimated from the size of the strength-determining fatigue crack in combination with the maximum stress, was around 7 MPa m1/2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-332
Number of pages11
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Mar 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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