Family history, body mass index and survival in Japanese patients with stomach cancer: A prospective study

Yuko Minami, Masaaki Kawai, Tsuneaki Fujiya, Masaki Suzuki, Tetsuya Noguchi, Hideaki Yamanami, Yoichiro Kakugawa, Yoshikazu Nishino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Family history and nutritional status may affect the long-term prognosis of stomach cancer, but evidence is insufficient and inconsistent. To clarify the prognostic factors of stomach cancer, we conducted a prospective study of 1,033 Japanese patients with histologically confirmed stomach cancer who were admitted to a single hospital between 1997 and 2005. Family history of stomach cancer and pretreatment body mass index (BMI) were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Clinical data were retrieved from a hospital-based cancer registry. All patients were completely followed up until December, 2008. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated according to family history in parents and siblings and BMI category. During a median follow-up of 5.3 years, 403 all-cause and 279 stomach cancer deaths were documented. Although no association with family history was observed in the patients overall, analysis according to age group found an increased risk of all-cause death associated with a history in first degree relatives (HR = 1.61, 95% CI: 0.93-2.78, p = 0.09) and with a parental history (HR = 1.86, 95% CI: 1.06-3.26) among patients aged under 60 years at diagnosis. BMI was related to all-cause and stomach cancer death among patients aged 60 and over, showing a J-shaped pattern (HR of all-cause death = 2.28 for BMI < 18.5; HR = 1.61 for 25 ≤ vs. ≥ 23.0 to < 25.0 kg/m2). A family history of stomach cancer, especially parental history, may affect mortality among younger stomach cancer patients, whereas nutritional status may be a prognostic factor in older patients. What's new? How do family history and body mass index affect prognosis of stomach cancer? In this study, the authors collected data from more than 1,000 stomach cancer patients and documented deaths over a 5-year period. Family history had no apparent impact when considering all patients, but among patients under 60, family history increased the risk of death. Similarly, among patients over age 60, being overweight increased the chance of death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-424
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 15


  • body mass index
  • cohort study
  • family history
  • stomach cancer
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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