Fall prevention using olfactory stimulation with lavender odor in elderly nursing home residents: A randomized controlled trial

Yuko Sakamoto, Satoru Ebihara, Takae Ebihara, Naoki Tomita, Kenji Toba, Shannon Freeman, Hiroyuki Arai, Masahiro Kohzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of lavender olfactory stimulation intervention on fall incidence in elderly nursing home residents. DESIGN: Randomized placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Three randomly selected nursing homes in northern Japan. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and forty-five nursing home residents aged 65 and older. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly assigned to the lavender (n = 73) or placebo group (n = 72) for a 360-day study period. The lavender group received continuous olfactory stimulation from a lavender patch. The placebo group received an unscented patch. MEASUREMENT: The primary outcome measure was resident falls. Other measurements taken at baseline and 12 months included functional ability (assessed using the Barthel Index), cognitive function (Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)), and behavioral and psychological problems associated with dementia (Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI)). RESULTS: There were fewer fallers in the lavender group (n = 26) than in the placebo group (n = 36) (hazard ratio (HR)=0.57, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.34-0.95) and a lower incidence rate in the lavender group (1.04 per person-year) than in the placebo group (1.40 per personyear) (incidence rate ratio = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.30-0.88). The lavender group also had a significant decrease in CMAI score (P = .04) from baseline to follow-up in a per protocol analysis. CONCLUSION: Lavender olfactory stimulation may reduce falls and agitation in elderly nursing home residents; further research is necessary to confirm these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1011
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun

Keywords

  • Fall prevention
  • Lavender
  • Nursing home residents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fall prevention using olfactory stimulation with lavender odor in elderly nursing home residents: A randomized controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this