Factors that affect blood pressure variability: A community-based study in Ohasama, Japan

Yutaka Imai, Akiko Aihara, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Kenichi Nagai, Ichiro Tsuji, Naoyoshi Minami, Hiroshi Satoh, Shigeru Hisamichi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Factors that affect blood pressure (BP) variability, ie, standard deviation (SD) and variation coefficient (VC: SD/average ambulatory BP) of ambulatory BP, were examined in a community-based sample in northeastern Japan. Screening and ambulatory BPs were measured in 823 subjects ≤20 years of age, and the effects of age and BP on the SD and the VC were examined. In bivariate regression analysis, the SD of ambulatory BP was positively correlated with age and the ambulatory BP. The VC was also correlated with age. Both the SD and the VC were strongly correlated with the magnitude of the nocturnal decline in BP. Ambulatory BP was positively correlated with age and negatively correlated with heart rate and the SD of heart rate. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the nocturnal decline in BP showed the strongest association with the SD and the VC of 24-h BP. However, age and BP were still independently and positively associated with the SD and the VC of ambulatory BP. Furthermore, pulse pressure and BMI were independently and positively associated with the SD and the VC of ambulatory BP. Since the SD and the VC of 24-h ambulatory BP were determined mainly by the nocturnal decline in BP, this variable appears to be an index of the circadian variation in BP and not an index of short-term BP variability. Pulse pressure, an index of arterial stiffness, was a relatively strong predictor of the SD and the VC of BP. In addition, the SD of heart rate, an index of baroreflex function, decreased with increasing age. Findings suggest that the increase in BP variability in hypertensive and elderly subjects may be explained, in part, by a disturbance of baroreflex function associated with an increase in arterial stiffness due to aging and hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1281-1289
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Nov

Keywords

  • Age
  • Ambulatory blood pressure
  • Blood pressure variability
  • General population
  • Heart rate
  • Pulse pressure
  • Standard deviation
  • Variation coefficient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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