Factors correlating with serum birch pollen IgE status in pregnant women in Hokkaido, Japan: The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS)

the Japan Environment and Children's Study Group:

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Abstract

Background: Birch pollen allergy affects pregnant women, and such allergy may affect the development of allergic diseases in their children. Using nationwide birth cohort data, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of birch pollen IgE positivity and to identify correlating factors in pregnant women in Hokkaido, Japan, a high-latitude island. Methods: Participants included 6856 pregnant women. Participants responded to questionnaires regarding lifestyle factors and history of allergies. Data regarding parity, height, and pre-pregnancy weight were collected from medical records. Blood samples were obtained from participants during the first trimester of pregnancy, and serum allergen-specific IgE titers were determined. Results: The serum of 30.2% participants was positive for birch pollen IgE (≥0.35 UA/mL). Such positivity significantly correlated with a history of other allergic diseases, particularly food allergy and allergic rhinitis/hay fever. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, pre-pregnancy high body mass index (BMI ≥ 25) significantly correlated with birch pollen IgE positivity [odds ratio (OR), 1.24; 95% CI, 1.05–1.47; reference BMI, 18.5–24.9] and higher income (≥10 million yen per year; OR,0.55; 95% CI, 0.37–0.81; reference, household income < 2 million yen per year), and second quintile level physical activity (OR,0.75; 95% CI, 0.63–0.88; reference, the first quintile of physical activity) had significant protective effects. Conclusions: Birch pollen IgE positivity in pregnant women was positively associated with food allergy, allergic rhinitis, pre-pregnant high BMI, and was negatively associated with light exercise and high household income in Hokkaido. Trial registration: UMIN000030786.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100128
JournalWorld Allergy Organization Journal
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun

Keywords

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Birch pollen
  • IgE
  • Pregnant women
  • Sensitization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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