Factors associated with sports-related dental injuries among young athletes: A cross-sectional study in Miyagi prefecture

Shinobu Tsuchiya, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Haruki Momma, Takuya Sekiguchi, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Takeyoshi Koseki, Kaoru Igarashi, Ryoichi Nagatomi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Sports-related dental injuries, such as tooth fracture, loosening, and avulsion, are a major concern among young athletes because they directly impair oral function. Although the preventive efficacy of mouthguards has been well established, the prevalence of sports-related dental injuries remains high among young athletes. The aim of this study is to identify the variables contributing to the risk of sports-related dental injuries by conducting a survey on large population of young athletes in Miyagi prefecture. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with school-aged athletes (aged 6-15 years, n=5735) using a self-reported questionnaire. The questionnaire examined general variables, including sex, age, and body mass index; sports-related variables, including sports-type, team level, activity schedule, break time, and verbal/physical abuse by coaches; and lifestyle variables related to free time, including screen-time and sleep duration. Their associations with sports-related dental injuries were examined using multivariate logistic regression models. Results: The prevalence of sports-related dental injuries was 13.3% (763 of 5735 young athletes) and was higher in males (14.3%, 592 of 4132) than in females (10.7%, 171 of 1603; adjusted odds ratios [ORs] and 95% confidence intervals [CIs]: 1.48 [1.22-1.79], p<0.001). After stratification according to sex, significant associations with the prevalence of sports-related dental injuries were evident for three variables-insufficient break time, verbal abuse, and physical punishment-in males (adjusted ORs [95% CI]: 1.35 [1.03-1.77], p=0.032; 1.31 [1.05-1.62], p=0.015; and 1.36 [1.06-1.75], p=0.016, respectively) but not in females (adjusted ORs [95% CI]: 0.88 [0.53-1.47], p=0.623; 1.29 [0.87-1.91], p=0.206; and 0.97 [0.57-1.63], p=0.894, respectively). Conclusions: Although our results might be based on the individual athlete's self-perception to the sports-related variables, our results suggest that insufficient break time, verbal abuse, and physical punishment from coaches are positively associated with the prevalence of sports-related dental injuries in young male athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number168
JournalBMC Oral Health
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 29

Keywords

  • Coaching
  • Cross-sectional study
  • Physical/psychological distress
  • Sports injuries
  • Traumatic dental injuries
  • Young male athletes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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