Facilitators and barriers to integrated employment: Results of focus group analysis

David A. Rosenthal, Emma K. Hiatt, Catherine A. Anderson, Jason Brooks, Ellie C. Hartman, Matthew T. Wilson, Mayu Fujikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The current study examined narrative data from a series of semi-structured focus groups in order to identify and examine the proficiencies and deficiencies in practice competencies specific to job functions in the changing practice environment of vocational rehabilitation (VR). Focus groups were conducted with members of organizations, individual service providers, as well as consumers and their families, and data were gathered to determine the potential barriers to employment and service needs of individuals with the most significant disabilities living in Wisconsin. Three major domains identified by the comprehensive needs assessment are employment knowledge, systems interactions and navigation, and consumer needs. Recommendations are aimed at increasing opportunities for community-based employment for persons with disabilities, increasing communication between consumers and service providers, and most importantly, eliminating financial disincentives that promote facility based employment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-86
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr 30
Externally publishedYes


  • Vocational rehabilitation
  • barriers
  • employment
  • persons with severe disabilities
  • qualitative research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Occupational Therapy


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