Facile preparation of large-area self-supported porous nickel phosphide nanosheets for efficient electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution

Shuai Liu, Cun Hu, Chao Lv, Jinguang Cai, Ming Duan, Junhong Luo, Jiangfeng Song, Yan Shi, Changan Chen, Deli Luo, Akira Watanabe, Eiji Aoyagi, Shun Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Metal phosphide structures have been widely explored for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) owing to their high activity and durability, and the phosphidation reaction is very important for the preparation of metal phosphides. In this paper, we reported a facile, effective, and practical phosphidation strategy to prepare nickel phosphide structures by placing a Ni foam above the red phosphorus powder with a distance of 1 cm in a covered crucible. As-prepared self-supported hierarchical Ni5P4/NiP2 biphase porous nanosheets exhibited an excellent HER activity. The overpotential for a current density of 10 mA/cm2 and the Tafel slope are as low as 92 mV and 52.8 mV/dec, respectively, both of which are much better than those delivered by the Ni5P4 nanosheets prepared by the conventional carry-gas upstream-downstream method. The complete phosphidation reaction, high electrochemically active surface area, and the Ni5P4/NiP2 biphasic synergistic effect account for the outstanding HER performance. Moreover, the porous Ni5P4/NiP2 nanosheets exhibited excellent stability under both accelerated degradation test and long-term durability test. Besides, this method can be employed to prepare large-area self-supported hierarchical porous Ni5P4/NiP2 nanosheets with nearly same HER activities and long-term stability, suggesting a high potential for practical application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17974-17984
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 5


  • Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution
  • Hierarchical structures
  • Phosphidation method
  • Porous nickel phosphide nanosheets
  • Self-supported catalysts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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