Face-centered-cubic titanium - A new crystal structure of Ti in a Ti-8Mo-6Fe alloy

G. Han, X. Lu, Q. Xia, B. Lei, Y. Yan, C. J. Shang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The microstructure of a Ti-8Mo-6Fe ternary alloy with ultrafine grains was systematically studied with Tecnai-G2 F20 field transmission electron microscope and JEMS 2010 transmission electron microscope. A new Ti phase with face-centered-cubic (Fm-3m) structure was discovered. The morphology of these FCC Ti phases was elliptical, and they were widely distributed at interfaces between the polygonal BCC TiMoFe phases. The size of the FCC Ti phases was concentrated in the range of 200–450 nm. The lattice constant of FCC Ti phase was 0.431 nm. Simulated high-resolution images of FCC Ti and compounds of FCC TiC, TiN and TiO with different thicknesses and different defocus amounts were carried out to prove that the FCC structure in Ti-8Mo-6Fe alloy was indeed FCC Ti but not FCC TiC, TiN and TiO. First principle calculations revealed the metallic properties and stability of FCC Ti. All alloy elements of Mo and Fe were in the polygonal BCC TiMoFe phases. The semicircular arc periodic strips formed by electron diffuse scattering were present on the selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns of the BCC TiMoFe phase, which may come from the ordered domain of Mo and Fe or local ordering by Mo, Fe and Ti.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)943-952
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 5
Externally publishedYes


  • Electron diffuse scattering
  • Face-centered-cubic
  • Selected area electron diffraction
  • Ti-8Mo-6Fe alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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