Fabrication of visible-light-responsive titanium dioxide layer on titanium using anodic oxidization in nitric acid

Naofumi Ohtsu, Hirotaka Kanno, Shinji Komiya, Yoshiteru Mizukoshi, Naoya Masahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A visible-light-responsive titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ) layer was fabricated by anodizing a Ti plate in aqueous nitric acid (HNO 3 ) solutions, followed by annealing at 723 K for 5 h in air. The predominant structure of the oxide layer was TiO 2 with an anatase structure that contained ca. 1 at% of incorporated nitrogen. The crystallite size of the anatase TiO 2 was enlarged as anodizing voltage increased, but the atomic ratio of the incorporated nitrogen was almost constant. The TiO 2 layers could degrade methylene blue (MB) solution under an UV light at 370 nm, exhibiting photocatalytic activity. The activity increased monotonically as the crystallite size of the oxide increased. The TiO 2 layers with their crystallite size exceeding a specific value showed excellent response under visible light at 420, 450, and 505 nm. Overall, the results of this study showed that anodic oxidization of Ti in HNO 3 solution is a promising technique for fabrication of a visible-light-responsive TiO 2 layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-518
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume270
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Anodic oxidation
  • Nitrogen-doping
  • Photocatalysis
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Visible-light response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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