In environmental assessment and security, it is necessary to detect hazardous gases at low concentrations. The ball surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensor can have significantly improved sensitivity when the ultramultiple roundtrips (e.g., >100 turns) of the SAW is achieved. However, it is hindered by the thick and coarse organic sensitive film fabricated by the conventional spin-coating method. We propose an "off-axis spin coating method" in order to fabricate thin and highly uniform organic sensitive film with high reproducibility. Langasite ball SAW sensors were coated by polyisoprene, polyisobutylene, and polydimethylsiloxane sensitive films and were applied in detecting normal saturated hydrocarbons (pentane, hexane, heptane, octane, and nonane), a nerve gas simulant (dimethyl methylphosphonate: DMMP), and sick-house gases (benzene, toluene, and xylene). With the proposed method, we succeeded in realizing multiple roundtrips and in detecting DMMP at a sub-ppm concentration without preliminary condensation of the sample.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)