Fabrication of Ni-free Ti-based bulk-metallic glassy alloy having potential for application as biomaterial, and investigation of its mechanical properties, corrosion, and crystallization behavior

Jeong Jung Oak, Dmitri V. Louzguine-Luzgin, Akihisa Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new Ti-based bulk-metallic glassy (BMG) alloy without Ni was developed in various forms such as melt-spun ribbon and cylindrical rods. Ti metal and Ti-based alloys are well known as biomaterials because Ti has good biocompatibility with the human body. We examined mechanical and chemical properties of a newly developed Ti-based BMG alloy in comparison with pure Ti metal and Ti-6Al-4V alloy, which are used for biomaterials. The new Ti-based BMG (Ti45 Zr10Pd10 Cu31Sn4) alloy does not contain Ni, Al, and Be elements, which are known to be toxic. The Ti45Zr10 Pd10 Cu31Sn4 BMG alloy rod with a diameter of 3 mm, which is produced by copper mold casting, exhibits a compressive strength of 1970 MPa and a Young's modulus of 95 GPa. In addition, the Ti45Zr10 Pd10 Cu31Sn4 BMG alloy shows a supercooled liquid region of 56 K and a reduced glass-transition temperature, Trg (= Tg/Tl), of 0.56. The high thermal stability of supercooled liquid has enabled the fabrication of a cylindrical rod specimen with a diameter of 4 mm. This alloy exhibits precipitation of a primary nanoscale icosahedral phase upon devitrification followed by the formation of a metastable unidentified phase. Ti2Cu and Ti3Sn are stable phases formed in this alloy. The Ti45 Zr10 Pd10 Cu31Sn4 BMG alloy has a high corrosion resistance and is passivated at a lower passive current density of approximately 10-2 A/m2 compared to those of pure titanium and the Ti-6Al-4V alloy in 1 mass% lactic acid and phosphate-buffered saline solutions at 310 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1346-1353
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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