L 11 -type (Co-Ni)-Pt ordered alloy perpendicular films were successfully fabricated on MgO(111) single crystal substrates using ultrahigh vacuum sputter film deposition; the addition of Ni to Co-Pt was effective to reduce saturation magnetization, Ms, maintaining a large Ku of the order of 107 erg/ cm3. L 11 -type ordered structures, with the 〈 111 〉 direction (easy axis of magnetization) perpendicular to the films, were successfully fabricated at a substrate temperature of 360 °C in a wide composition range with Co content less than 60 at. %. The order parameter, S, was almost a constant of about 0.5 in the stoichiometric composition of (Co1-X NiX) 50 Pt50, independent of Ni content, X. L 11 -type Co-Ni-Pt perpendicular films having a large Ku of (1-2.5) × 107 erg/ cm3 and a relatively low Ms of 400-700 emu/ cm3 were successfully fabricated in the composition range of 10-35 at. % Co, 20-55 at. % Ni, and bal. Pt. Ku should increase further with enhanced ordering. Experimental results demonstrated the potential of these Co-Ni-Pt ordered films for use in data storage applications due to very high Ku potential comparable to L 10 -type Fe50 Pt50 films, relatively low Ms, the relatively low fabrication temperature, and good controllability of the grain orientation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)