Fabrication of high-efficiency YAG:Ce3+ phosphors via concurrent optimization of firing atmosphere and fluxing agent

Shinnosuke Akiyama, Riho Moriyama, Ryo Miya, Takehiro Tanaka, Junya Tanaka, Yasushi Sato, Koji Tomita, Masato Kakihana, Hideki Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ (YAG:Ce3+) phosphors are common components of white light-emitting diodes. However, the efficiency of the phosphor synthesis process remains inadequate. Particularly, when synthesizing YAG:Ce3+ samples from oxide raw materials, it is necessary to reduce CeO2 to Ce3+, which is the luminescent central ion, in a reducing gas atmosphere. However, the defects that form in a Y3Al5O12 matrix in a reducing gas atmosphere cause photoluminescence property degradation. Therefore, this study was designed for fabricating highly efficient YAG:Ce3+ samples with high internal quantum efficiency. We achieved an internal quantum efficiency of 99.5% by concurrently optimizing the fluxing agent and the phosphor synthesis conditions. Specifically, by optimizing the species and proportions of the fluoride and carbonate fluxing agents and sintering them with oxide materials, we could increase the percentage of Ce3+ that contributes to photoluminescence and suppresses defect generation, which significantly improved the internal quantum efficiency of the phosphors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112386
JournalOptical Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun


  • Oxygen defect
  • Photoluminescence
  • Solid-state reaction
  • YAlO:Ce phosphor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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