Fabrication of Al2O3-Ni-CNTs nanocomposites by co-precipitation of CNTs and Ni nanoparticle on Al2O3 powder and spark plasma sintering

Huiyang Cao, Jianfeng Zhang, Chunlong Zhao, Gaiye Li, Xin Zhang, Takashi Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs)-dispersed ceramics were usually obtained by simple mixing, or firstly dispersing the metal catalysts inside ceramic powders, and then growing CNTs from the thermal decomposition of hydrocarbon gas. In the present study, a novel route for the fabrication of Al2O3-Ni-CNTs nanocomposites was proposed by co-precipitation of CNTs and Ni nanoparticle on Al2O3 powder using nickelocene as a precursor in a rotary CVD reactor. Fine Ni nanoparticles (10-50 nm in diameter) and CNTs (20-50 nm in diameter and as long as 1 μm in length) were uniformly dispersed on agitated Al2O3 powders. After spark plasma sintering at 1923 K for 0.6 ks, the Al2O3-Ni-CNTs nanocomposites showed uniform microstructure and enhanced mechanical properties. Carbon incorporated in nickel changed from amorphous to crystalline phase state after the high temperature treatment. No other impurities were identified, and the incorporation of CNTs and Ni was also found to enhance the relative density and mechanical properties of Al2O3. Thus the present method is promising for fabrication of high performance CNTs-ceramic composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-902
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Volume124
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep

Keywords

  • AlO-CNTs nanocomposites
  • Co-precipitation
  • Rotary CVD
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Thermal decomposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

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