Fabrication and thermal properties of carbon nanotube/nickel composite by spark plasma sintering method

Shunsuke Yamanaka, Ryohei Gonda, Akira Kawasaki, Hiroki Sakamoto, Yutaka Mekuchi, Masaki Kuno, Takayuki Tsukada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiwall carbon nanotube (MWNT) materials are attractive because they possess excellent thermal conductivity and mechanical properties. However, few reports exist that focus on improving the thermal conductivity of MWNT by combining it with a metal matrix. Thus to improve the thermal conductivity, a nickel-matrix composite with MWNT was prepared by slurry mixing process using ethanol as a solvent. Using spark plasma sintering (SPS), MWNT/Nickel nanocomposites were fabricated and the fabrication conditions were investigated. The sintered relative densities of the composites containing up to 5 vol% of MWNT were above 99%. The thermal and electrical behaviors of the MWNT/Nickel composites were determined using the laser flash and van der Pauw methods, respectively, and were found to be anisotropic. The thermal conductivity was found to increase by 10% for the composition with 3 vol% MWNT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2506-2512
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume48
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotube
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Metal matrix composite
  • Nanocomposite
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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