We report on fabrication and magnetic properties of high Bs-Fe76Si9B10P5 and Fe81.5Si0.5B4.5P11.0Cu0.5C2.0 alloy powders by gas atomization. Different atomizing gases such as Ar, N2, and He were used to understand their effects on cooling rate and powder particle size. We show that the amorphous powders of Fe76Si9B10P5 alloy with spherical shape and sizes below 90 μm can be obtained easily with Ar gas. This situation strongly changes for the alloy with higher concentration of Fe, i.e., Fe81.5Si0.5B4.5P11.0Cu0.5C2.0. Only powder particles with sizes below 10 μm were amorphous, when Ar was used as an atomizing gas. He and N2 gases allow higher cooling rates, and powders with sizes below 20 μm become almost amorphous. In addition, an improvement in the yield of smaller sized powders is noticeable. We made toroidal cores of powders with different sizes by mixing with a polymer resin, and pressing under a pressure of 1.5 GPa. The powder cores were annealed at different temperatures. Effect of structure (amorphous and nanocrystalline), and powder particle sizes on core loss, and initial relative permeability were investigated. Lower core loss with a constant initial relative permeability up to more than 100 MHz can be obtained for the cores made from powders of sizes below 10 μm. The magnetic cores reported in this paper are promising for high-power and high-frequency applications.
- Amorphous alloys
- gas atomization
- powder cores
- soft magnetic property
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering