Fabrication and properties of newly developed Ti35Zr28Nb scaffolds fabricated by powder metallurgy for bone-tissue engineering

Wei Xu, Xin Lu, Muhammad Dilawer Hayat, Jingjing Tian, Chao Huang, Miao Chen, Xuanhui Qu, Cuie Wen

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22 Citations (Scopus)


A newly developed porous Ti35Zr28Nb scaffold was manufactured via powder metallurgy (PM) using space-holder (NH4HCO3) sintering from pre-alloyed powder. The pore features, compression and anti-corrosion properties of the manufactured porous scaffolds were systematically studied. The results show that all the manufactured porous Ti35Zr28Nb scaffolds consisted of a single β phase. The porosity of the porous Ti35Zr28Nb scaffolds increased from 50% to 65% with in increasing the NH4HCO3 from 63% to 79% (volume ratio), and the average pore size (d50) was in the range of 230-430â»μm. The yield strength in compression and the elastic modulus of the porous Ti35Zr28Nb scaffolds both decreased gradually with an increase in porosity, varying from 230.5â»MPa to 79.7â»MPa and 6.9â»GPa to 1.8â»GPa, respectively. The corrosion rate of the porous Ti35Zr28Nb scaffolds in the phosphate buffer saline (PBS) solution increased from 0.91â»×â»10-3â»mm/yr to 4.18â»×â»10-3â»mm/yr with an increase in porosity from 51.4% to 64.9%. In comparison with unalloyed Ti scaffolds with almost the same porosity, the porous Ti35Zr28Nb scaffolds showed a significantly higher compressive yield strength and a lower corrosion rate. These results suggest that porous Ti35Zr28Nb scaffolds fabricated by PM have substantial potential for hard-tissue engineering applications. Additionally, the relationship of porosity, mechanical and anti-corrosion properties of these Ti35Zr28Nb scaffolds has now been confirmed, and could be used in the process of material selection for their specific applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3696-3704
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Research and Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep
Externally publishedYes


  • Corrosion resistance
  • Mechanical property
  • Pore characterization
  • Porous Ti35Zr28Nb scaffold
  • Powder metallurgy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys


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