Fabrication and mechanical properties of 5 vol% copper dispersed alumina nanocomposite

Sung Tag Oh, Tohru Sekino, Koichi Niihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)


An optimum route to fabricate the Al2O3/Cu nanocomposite with sound microstructure and desired mechanical properties was investigated. Two methods for developing a uniform dispersion of Cu particles in Al2Os were compared on the basis of the resulting microstructures and mechanical properties. SEM and TEM analyses for the composites fabricated by reduction and sintering process using Al2O3/CuO powder mixture showed that the nanosized Cu particles were well distributed and situated on the grain boundaries of the Al2O3 matrix. The composite, hot-pressed at 1450°C, exhibited the maximum fracture strength and enhanced toughness compared with monolithic Al2O3. The strengthening was mainly attributed to the refinement of Al2O3 matrix grains. The toughening mechanism in Al2O3/ Cu composite was discussed by the observed microstructural features and theoretical predictions based on crack bridging model and thermal residual stress effect. Published by Elsevier Science Limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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