Fabrication and characteristics of planar-type methane reformer using ceria-based oxygen permeable membrane

Hitoshi Takamura, Masayuki Ogawa, Koichi Suehiro, Hiroo Takahashi, Masuo Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the fabrication of a planar-type methane reformer based on a composite-type oxygen permeable membrane and its reforming properties. The membrane reformer module comprising of (Ce0.85Sm0.15)O2-15 vol.%MnFe2O4 and a ferric stainless steel separator with a same thermal expansion coefficient was successfully developed. For the reformer module, high CH4 conversion, CO and H2 selectivity of 96%, 84%, and 89% were achieved, respectively. Based on an electrical conductivity isotherm, joule heat caused by oxygen permeation in the module was estimated to be approximately 8.4 W. In addition, the effect of ZrO2-doping on the mechanical properties and oxygen permeability of the composite material was investigated. The highest Zr-content sample, (Ce0.85Sm0.15)0.2Zr0.8O2-15 vol.% MnFe2O4, showed a tetragonal structure. As a result of the crystal structural change, superior mechanical properties of Young's modulus of 337 GPa and fracture toughness of 2.8 MPa m1/2 were obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1354-1359
Number of pages6
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume179
Issue number27-32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Sep 30

Keywords

  • Electrical conductivity
  • Fracture toughness
  • Partial oxidation of methane
  • Porous oxygen sensor
  • Tape-casting
  • Young's modulus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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