EXTREMELY BRIGHT SUBMILLIMETER GALAXIES beyond the LUPUS-I STAR-FORMING REGION

Y. Tamura, R. Kawabe, Y. Shimajiri, T. Tsukagoshi, Y. Nakajima, Y. Oasa, D. J. Wilner, C. J. Chandler, K. Saigo, K. Tomida, M. S. Yun, A. Taniguchi, K. Kohno, B. Hatsukade, I. Aretxaga, J. E. Austermann, R. Dickman, H. Ezawa, W. M. Goss, M. HayashiD. H. Hughes, M. Hiramatsu, S. Inutsuka, R. Ogasawara, N. Ohashi, T. Oshima, K. S. Scott, G. W. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report detections of two candidate distant submillimeter galaxies (SMGs), MM J154506.4-344318 and MM J154132.7-350320, which are discovered in the AzTEC/ASTE 1.1 mm survey toward the Lupus-I star-forming region. The two objects have 1.1 mm flux densities of 43.9 and 27.1 mJy, and have Herschel/SPIRE counterparts as well. The Submillimeter Array counterpart to the former SMG is identified at 890 μm and 1.3 mm. Photometric redshift estimates using all available data from the mid-infrared to the radio suggest that the redshifts of the two SMGs are zphoto ≃ 4-5 and 3, respectively. Near-infrared objects are found very close to the SMGs and they are consistent with low-z ellipticals, suggesting that the high apparent luminosities can be attributed to gravitational magnification. The cumulative number counts at S1.1mm ≥ 25 mJy, combined with the other two 1.1 mm brightest sources, are 0.7 -0.34+0.56 deg-2, which is consistent with a model prediction that accounts for flux magnification due to strong gravitational lensing. Unexpectedly, a z > 3 SMG and a Galactic dense starless core (e.g., a first hydrostatic core) could be similar in the mid-infrared to millimeter spectral energy distributions and spatial structures at least at ≳ 1″. This indicates that it is necessary to distinguish the two possibilities by means of broadband photometry from the optical to centimeter and spectroscopy to determine the redshift, when a compact object is identified toward Galactic star-forming regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume808
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • galaxies: starburst
  • ISM: individual objects (Lupus-I Molecular Cloud)
  • submillimeter: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Tamura, Y., Kawabe, R., Shimajiri, Y., Tsukagoshi, T., Nakajima, Y., Oasa, Y., Wilner, D. J., Chandler, C. J., Saigo, K., Tomida, K., Yun, M. S., Taniguchi, A., Kohno, K., Hatsukade, B., Aretxaga, I., Austermann, J. E., Dickman, R., Ezawa, H., Goss, W. M., ... Wilson, G. W. (2015). EXTREMELY BRIGHT SUBMILLIMETER GALAXIES beyond the LUPUS-I STAR-FORMING REGION. Astrophysical Journal, 808(2), [121]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/808/2/121