Extraction behaviors of platinum group metals in simulated high-level liquid waste by a hydrophobic ionic liquid bearing an amino moiety

Hao Wu, Seong Yun Kim, Tadayuki Takahashi, Haruka Oosugi, Tatsuya Ito, Kiyoshi Kanie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A hydrophobic ionic liquid including an amino moiety ([DiOcAPmim][NTf2]) was synthesized. Its extraction behaviors towards Pd(II), Ru(III), Rh(III) were investigated in nitric acid aqueous solution as a function of contact time, effect of concentration of nitric acid, effect of temperature, and effect of co-existing metal ions. The extraction kinetics of Pd(II) was fairly fast and extraction equilibrium can be attained within only 5 min under the [HNO3] = 2.05 M. When [HNO3]< 1 M, the extraction percentage of Pd(II), Ru(III), Rh(III) were all above 80%. When [HNO3] reached 2 M, all of the extraction percentage decreased and in an order of Pd(II)>Ru(III)>Rh(III). When [HNO3]> 2 M, the extraction performance gradually recovered. The effect of temperature can slightly affect the extraction performance of Pd(II). Furthermore, in simulated high-level liquid waste, [DiOcAPmim][NTf2] showed a better preference towards Pd(II) under the interference of various other co-existing metal ions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNuclear Engineering and Technology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Ionic liquid
  • Platinum group metals
  • Simulated high-level liquid waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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