Extended star-forming regions within galaxies in a dense proto-cluster core at z = 2.53

Tomoko L. Suzuki, Yosuke Minowa, Yusei Koyama, Tadayuki Kodama, Masao Hayashi, Rhythm Shimakawa, Ichi Tanaka, Ken Ichi Tadaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At z ∼2, star formation activity is thought to be high even in high-density environments such as galaxy clusters and proto-clusters. One of the critical but outstanding issues is if the structural growth of star-forming galaxies can differ depending on their surrounding environments. In order to investigate how galaxies grow their structures and what physical processes are involved in the evolution of galaxies, one requires spatially resolved images of not only stellar components but also star-forming regions within galaxies. We conducted (Adaptive Optics) AO-assisted imaging observations for star-forming galaxies in a dense proto-cluster core at z = 2.53 with IRCS and AO188 mounted on the Subaru Telescope. A combination of AO and narrow-band filters allows us to obtain resolved maps of Hα-emitting regions with an angular resolution of $0′′.10′′.2, which corresponds to ∼1 kpc at z ∼2.5. Based on stacking analyses, we compare radial profiles of star-forming regions and stellar components and find that the star-forming region of a sub-sample with log (MM) ∼10-11 is more extended than the stellar component, indicating the inside-out growth of the structure. This trend is similar to the one for star-forming galaxies in general fields at z = 2-2.5 obtained with the same observational technique. Our results suggest that the structural evolution of star-forming galaxies at z = 2-2.5 is mainly driven by internal secular processes irrespective of surrounding environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 1

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • galaxies: star formation
  • galaxies: structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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