Extended-Kalman-filter-based dynamic mode decomposition for simultaneous system identification and denoising

Taku Nonomura, Hisaichi Shibata, Ryoji Takaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A new dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) method is introduced for simultaneous online system identification and denoising in conjunction with the adoption of an extended Kalman filter algorithm. The present paper explains the extended-Kalman-filter-based DMD (EKFDMD) algorithm and illustrates that EKFDMD requires significant numerical resources for many-degree-of-freedom (many-DoF) problems and that the combination with truncated proper orthogonal decomposition (trPOD) helps us to apply the EKFDMD algorithm to many-DoF problems. The numerical experiments of the present study illustrate that EKFDMD can estimate eigenvalues from a noisy dataset with a few DoFs better than or as well as the existing algorithms, whereas EKFDMD can also denoise the original dataset online. In particular, EKFDMD performs better than existing algorithms for the case in which system noise is present. The EKFDMD with trPOD can be successfully applied to many-DoF problems, including a fluid-problem example, and the results reveal the superior performance of system identification and denoising. Note that these superior results are obtained despite being an online procedure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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