Expressions of nitrotyrosine and TUNEL immunoreactivities in cultured rat spinal cord neurons after exposure to glutamate, nitric oxide, or peroxynitrite

Y. Manabe, J. M. Wang, T. Murakami, H. Warita, T. Hayashi, M. Shoji, K. Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although excitotoxic and oxidative stress play important roles in spinal neuron death, the exact mechanism is not fully understood. We examined cell damage of primary culture of 11-day-old rat spinal cord by addition of glutamate, nitric oxide (NO) or peroxynitrite (PN) with detection of nitrotyrosine (NT) or terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin in situ nick end labeling (TUNEL). With addition of glutamate, NOC18 (a slow NO releaser) or PN, immunoreactivity for NT became stronger in the cytoplasm of large motor neurons in the ventral horn at 6 to 48 hr and positive in the axons of the ventral horn at 24 to 48 hr. TUNEL positive nuclei were found in spinal large motor neurons from 24 hr, and the positive cell number greatly increased at 48 hr in contrast to the vehicle. Pretreatment of cultures with α-amino-3-hydroxy-5methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA)/kainate receptor antagonist, NO-suppressing agent, and antioxidant protected the immunoreactivity for NT or TUNEL. The present results suggest that both excitotoxic and oxidative stress play an important role in the upregulation of NT nitration and the apoptotic pathway in cultured rat spinal neurons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Free radicals
  • Glutamate
  • Nitrotyrosine
  • Spinal cord neurons
  • TUNEL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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