Expressions of caspase-3, TUNEL, and Hsp72 immunoreactivities in cultured spinal cord neurons of rat after exposure to glutamate, nitric oxide, or peroxynitrite

Y. Manabe, J. Wang, H. Warita, Y. Shiro, K. Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although excitotoxic and oxidative stress play important roles in spinal neuron death, the exact mechanisms are not fully understood. We examined cell damage of primary culture of 11-day-old rat spinal cord by addition of glutamate, nitric oxide (NO) or peroxynitrite (PN) with detection of caspase-3, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin in situ nick end labeling (TUNEL) or 72kDa heat shock protein (HSP72). With addition of glutamate, NOC18 (a slow NO releaser) or PN, immunoreactivity for caspase-3 became stronger in the cytoplasm of large motor neurons in the ventral horn at 6 to 24h. TUNEL positive nuclei were found in spinal large motor neurons from 24 h, and the positive cell proportion greatly increased at 48 h in contrast to the vehicle. On the other hand, the immunoreactivity of HSP72 in the ventral horn was already positive at 0 h, and gradually decreased in the course of time with glutamate, NOC18 or PN than vehicle treatment. In the dorsal horn, the proportion of caspase-3 positive small neurons greatly increased at 6 to 48 h after addition of glutamate. The present results suggest that both excitotoxic and oxidative stress play important role in the apoptotic pathway in cultured rat spinal neurons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-289
Number of pages9
JournalNeurotoxicity Research
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Caspase-3
  • Free radicals
  • Glutamate
  • HSP72
  • Spinal cord neurons
  • TUNEL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Toxicology

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