Expression, purification, crystallization, and preliminary X-ray crystallographic studies of the human adiponectin receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2

Hiroaki Tanabe, Kanna Motoyama, Mariko Ikeda, Motoaki Wakiyama, Takaho Terada, Noboru Ohsawa, Toshiaki Hosaka, Masakatsu Hato, Yoshifumi Fujii, Yoshihiro Nakamura, Satoshi Ogasawara, Tomoya Hino, Takeshi Murata, So Iwata, Miki Okada-Iwabu, Masato Iwabu, Kunio Hirata, Yoshiaki Kawano, Masaki Yamamoto, Tomomi Kimura-SomeyaMikako Shirouzu, Toshimasa Yamauchi, Takashi Kadowaki, Shigeyuki Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adiponectin receptors (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) are membrane proteins with seven transmembrane helices. These receptors regulate glucose and fatty acid metabolism, thereby ameliorating type 2 diabetes. The full-length human AdipoR1 and a series of N-terminally truncated mutants of human AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 were expressed in insect cells. In small-scale size exclusion chromatography, the truncated mutants AdipoR1Δ88 (residues 89–375) and AdipoR2Δ99 (residues 100–386) eluted mostly in the intact monodisperse state, while the others eluted primarily as aggregates. However, gel filtration chromatography of the large-scale preparation of the tag-affinity-purified AdipoR1Δ88 revealed the presence of an excessive amount of the aggregated state over the intact state. Since aggregation due to contaminating nucleic acids may have occurred during the sample concentration step, anion-exchange column chromatography was performed immediately after affinity chromatography, to separate the intact AdipoR1Δ88 from the aggregating species. The separated intact AdipoR1Δ88 did not undergo further aggregation, and was successfully purified to homogeneity by gel filtration chromatography. The purified AdipoR1Δ88 and AdipoR2Δ99 proteins were characterized by thermostability assays with 7-diethylamino-3-(4-maleimidophenyl)-4-methyl coumarin, thin layer chromatography of bound lipids, and surface plasmon resonance analysis of ligand binding, demonstrating their structural integrities. The AdipoR1Δ88 and AdipoR2Δ99 proteins were crystallized with the anti-AdipoR1 monoclonal antibody Fv fragment, by the lipidic mesophase method. X-ray diffraction data sets were obtained at resolutions of 2.8 and 2.4 Å, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-23
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Structural and Functional Genomics
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Adiponectin receptors AdipoR1 and AdipoR2
  • Antibody
  • Crystallization
  • Lipidic mesophase
  • Membrane protein
  • Purification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics

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    Tanabe, H., Motoyama, K., Ikeda, M., Wakiyama, M., Terada, T., Ohsawa, N., Hosaka, T., Hato, M., Fujii, Y., Nakamura, Y., Ogasawara, S., Hino, T., Murata, T., Iwata, S., Okada-Iwabu, M., Iwabu, M., Hirata, K., Kawano, Y., Yamamoto, M., ... Yokoyama, S. (2015). Expression, purification, crystallization, and preliminary X-ray crystallographic studies of the human adiponectin receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2. Journal of Structural and Functional Genomics, 16(1), 11-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10969-014-9192-z