The expression of nitrogenase genes of Herbaspirillum sp. B501 associated in shoot (leaf and stem) of wild rice, Oryza officinalis, was studied by means of reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) targeted at the nifH gene. RT-PCR analyses indicate that nifH transcript was detected exclusively from nitrogen-fixing cells of gfp-tagged strain B501gfp1 in both free-living and endophytic states by using a constitutive gfp gene transcript as a positive control. Transcription of nifH and nitrogen fixation in free-living cells were induced maximally at a 2% O2 concentration and repressed in free air (21% O2). nifH transcription was monitored in the endophytic cells by using total RNA extracted from B501gfp1-inoculated wild rice plants during daily light-dark cycles. The level of nifH transcription in planta varied dramatically, with a maximum during the light period. Moreover, the light radiation enhanced nifH expression even in free-living cells grown in culture. These results suggest that in planta nitrogen fixation by the endophyte shows a daily rhythm determined by the plant's light environment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology