BACKGROUND: To clarify the role of p53 homologs in oncogenesis and cytodifferentiation of odontogenic tumors, expression of p63 and p73 was analyzed in ameloblastomas as well as tooth germs. METHODS: Tissue specimens of nine tooth germs and 48 benign and five malignant ameloblastomas were examined by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the expression of p63 and p73. RESULTS: Immunoreactivity for p63 and p73 was evident in epithelial cells neighboring the basement membrane in developing and neoplastic odontogenic tissues. p63 expression in desmoplastic ameloblastomas was significantly higher than in acanthomatous and granular cell ameloblastomas, and ameloblastic carcinomas showed higher p63 expression than metastasizing ameloblastomas. p73 expression was significantly higher in plexiform ameloblastomas than in follicular ameloblastomas, and basal cell ameloblastomas showed higher p73 expression than granular cell ameloblastomas. mRNA transcripts for ΔNp63 and TAp73 were detected in all developing and neoplastic odontogenic tissues. TAp63 mRNA was expressed in five of eight tooth germs, 16 of 34 ameloblastomas, and one of one malignant ameloblastoma, whereas ΔNp73 mRNA was recognized in one of eight tooth germs, nine of 34 ameloblastomas, and one of one malignant ameloblastoma. CONCLUSION: The expression of p63 and p73 suggests that these p53 homologs play a role in differentiation and proliferation of odontogenic epithelial cells. Variations of predominantly expressed isoforms suggest that p63 and p73 might differentially function in odontogenic tissues.
- p53 homolog
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Oral Surgery
- Cancer Research