Expression of heme oxygenase isozyme mRNAs in the human brain and induction of heme oxygenase-1 by nitric oxide donors

Kazuhiro Takahashi, Eishi Hara, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Hironobu Sasano, Shigeki Shibahara

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94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heme oxygenase is an essential enzyme in the heme catabolism that produces carbon monoxide (CO). This study was designed to examine the expression of two heme oxygenase isozyMe mRNAs in the human brain and to explore the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) and various neuropeptides in the regulation of their expression. Northern blot analysis showed the expression of heme oxygenase-1 and heme oxygenase-2 mRNAs in every region of the brain examined, with the highest levels found in the frontal cortex, temporal cortex, occipital cortex, and hypothalamus. In a human glioblastoma cell line, T98G, treatment with any of three types of NO donors-sodium nitroprusside, 3-morpholinosydnonimine, and S-nitroso-L-glutathione-caused a significant increase in the levels of heme oxygenase-1 mRNA but not in the levels of heme oxygenase-2 and heat-shock protein 70 mRNAs. Sodium nitroprusside increased the levels of heme oxygenase-1 protein but not the levels of heat-shock protein 70 in T98G cells. The increase in content of heme oxygenase-1 mRNA caused by sodium nitroprusside was completely abolished by the treatment with actinomycin D. On the other hand, the levels of heme oxygenase isozyme mRNAs were not noticeably changed in T98G cells following the treatment with 8-bromo cyclic GMP, sodium nitrite, or various neuropeptides, such as calcitonin gene-related peptide, endothelin-1, and corticotropin-releasing hormone. The present study has shown the expression profiles of heme oxygenase-1 and -2 mRNAs in the human brain and the induction of heme oxygenase-1 mRNA caused by NO donors in T98G cells. These findings raise a possibility that the CO/heme oxygenase system may function in concert with the NO/NO synthase system in the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-489
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Aug

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Glioblastoma
  • Heme oxygenase
  • Neuropeptide
  • Nitric oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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