Expression of GPI-80, a β2-integrin-associated glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein, requires neutrophil differentiation with dimethyl sulfoxide in HL-60 cells

Yuji Takeda, Junfen Fu, Kichiya Suzuki, Dai Sendo, Takeaki Nitto, Fujiro Sendo, Yoshihiko Araki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

GPI-80 is a member of the amidohydrolase family that has been proposed as a potential regulator of β2-integrin-dependent leukocyte adhesion. GPI-80 is expressed mainly in human neutrophils. Our previous studies suggested that GPI-80 expression might be associated with myeloid differentiation. To verify this, we examined whether GPI-80 is expressed on the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60 following treatment with differentiation inducers. GPI-80 expression was induced in cells treated with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to stimulate differentiation down the neutrophil pathway. On the other hand, all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), another neutrophil-inducing reagent, induced no clear GPI-80 expression. Potent monocyte-inducing reagents such as 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate also had no significant effect on the protein expression. GPI-80-positive cells were found in the well-differentiated CD11b-positive and transferrin-receptor-negative cell population. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, which augments neutrophil differentiation of HL-60 cells, up-regulated GPI-80 expression in the presence of DMSO. Granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor, which is known to suppress the neutrophil maturation of cells, inhibited expression. Adhesion of DMSO-induced cells was regulated by anti-GPI-80 monoclonal antibody, similar to the regulation observed in neutrophils. These results suggest that use of DMSO to induce neutrophil differentiation provides suitable conditions for GPI-80 expression, and that this culture system may be a helpful model for further study of the regulation of GPI-80 expression during myeloid differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-208
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume286
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun 10
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ATRA
  • Cell differentiation
  • DMSO
  • GPI-anchored protein
  • HL-60

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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