Expression of cytidine deaminase in human solid tumors and its regulation by 1 α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3

Shin Ichi Watanabe, Takafumi Uchida

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32 Citations (Scopus)


We found that vitamin D3 up-regulates the expression of cytidine deaminase (CDD) gene in some human solid tumor cell lines as well as the monocytic leukemia cell lines. Two kinds of full length CDD cDNA were identified from human placenta: one has glutamine and the other one has lysine at codon 27. The expression was tested in various normal tissues and the cancer cell lines. Northern blot analysis demonstrated high levels of CDD mRNA in leukocytes and moderate levels in liver, kidney, placenta, spleen and lung. Expression of CDD in 20 human cancer cell lines was highly variable and not related to its expression in normal tissues. Treatment of the cell lines with 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 resulted in up-regulation of CDD expression in some lines but not others. Three of five gastric carcinoma cell lines and five of eight colorectal cancer cell lines had increased levels of CDD mRNA following 24 h treatment with vitamin D3. Increased mRNA was detected in gastric cancer MKN 45 cells after 3 h of treatment with vitamin D3 and increased enzyme activity was measured after 24 to 48 h. But no combined effect of calcitriol with 9-cis retinoic acid was found. Our results demonstrate that CDD can be up-regulated by vitamin D3 in some solid tumor cell lines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-104
Number of pages6
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jun 13


  • 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D
  • Cloning
  • Cytidine deaminase
  • Gene expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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