OBJECTIVE: To further clarify the roles of regulators of embryonic development, bone morphogenetic protein (BMPs) and their associated molecules, in oncogenesis and cytodifferentiation of odontogenic tumors, the expression of these regulator molecules were analyzed in epithelial odontogenic tumors as well as in tooth germs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tooth germs, ameloblastomas, adenomatoid odontogenic tumors, and malignant ameloblastomas were examined by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry for detection of BMP-2, -4, -7, BMP receptors I and II (BMPR-I, BMPR-II), core-binding factor α1 (CBFA1), and osterix. RESULTS: mRNA expression of BMPs, BMPRs, CBFA1, and osterix was detected in all odontogenic tissues. Immunohistochemical reactivity for BMPs, BMPRs, and CBFA1 was detected in both epithelial and mesenchymal cells of tooth germs and epithelial odontogenic tumors. BMPs and BMPRs were evidently expressed in odontogenic epithelial cells in tooth germs and epithelial odontogenic tumors. Acanthomatous ameloblastomas showed increased BMP-7 reactivity in keratinizing cells. Nuclear CBFA1 expression was detected scatteredly in odontogenic epithelial cells in normal and neoplastic odontogenic tissues, as well as in some mesenchymal cells in tooth germs and in some stromal cells in epithelial odontogenic tumors. Ameloblastic carcinomas showed low reactivity for BMPs, BMPRs, and CBFA1. CONCLUSION: BMPs and their associated molecules might play a role in cytodifferentiation of normal and neoplastic odontogenic epithelium via epithelial-mesenchymal interactions.
- Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour (ADT)
- Bone morphogenentic protein (BMP)
- Core-binding factor α-1 (CBFA1)
ASJC Scopus subject areas