Immunoreactive-adrenomedullin concentrations and the expression of adrenomedullin mRNA were studied in the tumor tissues of adrenocortical tumors. Northern blot analysis showed the expression of adrenomedullin mRNA in tumor tissues of adrenocortical tumors, including aldosterone-producing adenomas, cortisol-producing adenomas, a nonfunctioning adenoma and adrenocortical carcinomas, as well as normal parts of adrenal glands and pheochromocytomas. On the other hand, immunoreactive-adrenomedullin was not detected in about 90% cases of adrenocortical tumors (<0.12 pmol/g wet weight (ww)). Immunoreactive-adrenomedullin concentrations ranged from 0.44 to 198.2 pmol/g ww in tumor tissues of pheochromocytomas and were 9.2 ± 1.2 pmol/g ww (mean ± SD, n = 4) in normal parts of adrenal glands. Adrenomedullin mRNA was expressed in an adrenocortical adenocarcinoma cell line, SW-13 and immunoreactive-adrenomedullin was detected in the culture medium of SW-13 (48.9 ± 1.8 fmol/105 cells/24h, mean ± SEM, n = 4). On the other hand, immunoreactive-adrenomedullin was not detectable in the extract of SW-13 cells (<0.09 fmol/105 cells), suggesting that adrenomedullin was actively secreted from SW-13 cells without long-term storage. These findings indicate that adrenomedullin is produced and secreted, not only by pheochromocytomas, but also by adrenocortical tumors. Undetectable or low levels of immunoreactive-adrenomedullin in the tumor tissues of adrenocortical tumors may be due to very rapid secretion of this peptide soon after the translation from these tumors.
- Northern blot
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience